Screening tests for people with diabetes

Screening tests for people with diabetes

Diabetes is a condition in which your body cannot absorb the sugar that you consume. It happens due to two reasons, either your pancreas fails to produce insulin, that is known as type I diabetes, or your receptor becomes desensitized to insulin, a condition known as type II diabetes.

Type I diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent or juvenile-onset diabetes. It usually occurs when bacteria, viruses, or toxins damage the pancreas. Type II diabetes is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes. It usually occurs due to a family tendency, sedentary lifestyle, and consumption of a sugar-rich diet. If you also have diabetes, you can get your blood glucose levels checked from Chugtai Lab Karachi.

Diabetes can leave you at risk of many complications. High blood sugar due to diabetes becomes a medium of growth for various bacteria, and it damages the body too. Therefore, to avoid complications, you must go for early screening tests. In this article, we have enlisted some tests that diabetic people need to get done often.

Eye examination

When sugar remains in high quantities in your blood, it damages the nerves, and of those nerves is the optic nerve, that helps in the image formation in our eyes and serves as a connection between the brain and eyes.

It may get damaged due to uncontrolled diabetes. Therefore, you must attend eye exams frequently if you are a diabetic person. An ophthalmologist will examine your eyes and inform you about their health. If you do not take care of them, it can result in blindness.

Uncontrolled diabetes can also cause other eye conditions like cataract, glaucoma, and macular edema. So you must get your eye examinations done yearly to rule out all these eye conditions.

Foot exams

High blood sugar can damage your nerves, due to which your feeling sensations may get altered. When anything touches or injures your feet, you may not feel it in that way. Therefore, you may not know about cuts and sores that occur on feet.

You must keep an eye on your feet to know how they are. If you notice any cut or abrasion in your feet, do not delay and visit a healthcare provider. They will manage the condition. Otherwise, a simple cut can lead to ulcer, infection, and then amputation in diabetic people. You need to be quite smart if you have diabetes. Do not miss anything.

Heart health

People who are diabetic are three to four times more prone to heart diseases as compared to those who are not. Therefore, you must ensure your heart health. Maintain a healthy weight, get your blood cholesterol, and blood pressure levels checked often. A yearly examination of blood cholesterol will be alright if it remains under normal limits. However, blood pressure should be checked after every three to six months.

If you suffer from breathlessness or palpitations, you must visit a healthcare provider soon, as it may be an indication of heart disease.

Peripheral artery disease

The healthcare provider would evaluate your legs for any peripheral artery disease by measuring the blood pressure of your arm and legs. If they are the same, then it is alright. But if they are not, then you may have peripheral artery disease, which means fats are deposited inside your blood vessels.

Peripheral artery disease can lead to blockage of blood flow. Therefore, it is essential to attend your visit for screening as it can become life-threatening.

Kidney disease

One of the essential test diabetic people should get done often is kidney disease screening. Our kidneys work to remove toxins out from the body. When sugar content remains elevated, it starts excreting out it as well, which eventually damages the kidney. Therefore, if you are diabetic, you must get tested for serum creatinine, urine albumin, and albumin-creatinine ratio.

Dental cleaning

Diabetes can make you prone to gum and tooth diseases. Therefore, you must attend a visit with a dentist who can monitor your oral cavity and help in keeping it clean, free from infections.


Diabetes needs proper management. You must keep an eye on your blood sugar level and try to keep it as much controlled as you can. The more you keep it under control, the more protected you remain from its complications.

Long-term uncontrolled blood sugar can lead to many diseases and complications. Therefore, for regular monitoring of blood sugar, you can visit or avail the home care service of Chugtai Lab Multan.

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